Glass failure analysis expert witness demonstrates that in the case of the spontaneous failure of tempered glass, the tempered glass failure is caused by the NiS particle. The failed glass door was taken apart to reveal the NiS particle. At this point the Wallner lines surrounding the NiS particle were located. The Wallner lines domonstrate that the NiS particle is in the center of the failure origin, and must be the cause of failure. The upper left photograph is a 20X photomicrograph of the NiS particle and its surroundings taken using Nomarski optics. Upper right is the same photomicrograph upon which arrows have been placed to show the crack travel directions as indicated by the Wallner lines. One can see that the NiS particle is at the center of the origin, and is the cause of the failure.
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